Globally, approximately 6 to 8 million people are blind due to cornea affected by diseases.
In India, approximately 6.8 million persons are having vision less than 6/60 in at least one eye due to corneal diseases and both eyes are involved in approximately one million persons.
National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB) data shows that currently 1,20,000 persons in India are affected due to corneal blindness with an addition of 25,000-30,000 cases of corneal blindness every year.
To address this high prevalence of corneal blindness, approximately 2,50,000 corneas are needed per year; as against total number of corneas donated per year of 25,000.
Therefore, there is a huge backlog of 2,25,000 donated corneas every year.
To tackle this high incidence of corneal blindness, corneal transplantation has emerged as the main sight restoration procedure which is mainly dependent on voluntary eye donation by suitable donors.
For children, doctors may look out for a few possible problems. They are:
Eyes may be donated only after death.
Eye donors could be of any age group or sex. People who use spectacles, diabetics, and patients with high blood pressure, asthma patients, people who’ve had successful eye surgeries and those without communicable diseases can donate eyes.
Persons with AIDS, Hepatitis B and C, Rabies, Septicemia, Acute leukemia (Blood cancer), Tetanus, Cholera, and infectious diseases like Meningitis and Encephalitis cannot donate eyes.
It is illegal to buy or sell human eyes, organs or tissues. No fee is charged from the family of the deceased. It is a free service in public interest. Any costs associated with eye procurement are absorbed by the eye bank.
If you’ve got the precious gift of vision, don’t waste it, rather pass it on to someone in need.
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